Posted by Sandeep Shelke on 30th November 2011
Agricultural economy grew from INR 3,71,378.4 Crores to INR 14,62,181.2 Crores almost by 393.717% between 1992 and 2010. That is it grew nearly 4 times since the economic liberalization and globalization. But the share of agriculture in the GDP is consistently decreasing from 28.99% in 1992 to 16.21% in 2010. Though it has grown in size but it is losing the its position amidst all MNCs and agriculture related research. Being a developing nation we have an advantage that labour availability is very high at low salaries/wages but capital availability is strained.
Multi National Corporations are companies with their operations in at least 2 countries. Foreign MNCs are the MNCs whose foundation is from outside Bharat. And that means these companies take the profits back to their native nation. Initially MNCs do bring in FDIs but later it becomes cause of the reimbursement to their parent countries.
Impact of MNCs on Agriculture:
MNCs like Monsanto, Myheco brought in technology, modern equipment, developed seeds, fertilizers through their entry. They encourage research in the agriculture segment. Also increased the farm production.
But for our economy they are turning to be a bane than a boon. We are a 1.2 Billion population and have huge demand for food forcing government to concentrate on agriculture at heart of economy and food security at heart of policy making. MNCs want cheap raw material so they may force commercial farming through various means like corporate farming. Small and marginal farmers (SMF) constitute more than 70% of the farmers. So the costly mechanization is not possible for SMFs which is impacting their productivity leading to widened gap between rich and poor farmers. MNCs make farmers dependent on HYV (High Yield Variety) seeds, which are not suitable in all conditions and also kill the biodiversity. MNCs press for commercial crops leading to soil exploitation and loss in soil fertility gradually.
With the rising pressure on farmers to take commercial crops the food security takes beating. Propagation of excessive use of chemical fertilizers through government machinery is rampant and killing our environment and local taste. Culture is up for grab in the hands of these MNC giants.
MNCs mostly gain the economic power and through that they may seek political power by helping politicians at time of elections. This may lead to strong pressure on politicians while making laws related to agriculture. Also they are not fair in their conduct since they use sub-standard quality in Bharat e.g. Coca-Cola.
Ironically WTO trade rules are dictating the terms for our internal policy with recommendations from WB/IMF policies. They first eliminated the local seed varieties and now are patenting seed varieties. The seeds produced by these companies are not re-sow able, leaving farmers continuously dependent on them for seeds in each season. This is a huge cost seeing the current scenario. How, on earth any country can be food secure if its seeds are not secured.
US and EU based MNCs get huge subsidies on milk products too. So these companies can flood our markets with milk products cheaper than locals.
New farmer’s freedom movement will be started sooner or later if such circumstances prevail.
Tags: Agriculture economy, Farmers face Atrocities, Fertilizer, Foreign MNCs, IMF Rules, Monsanto, Politics in Agriculture, Small and Marginal Farmers, WTO Rules, भारत
Posted in भारत | 2 Comments »
Posted by Sandeep Shelke on 29th November 2011
How government is, at first, planning to render the farmers jobless and then spending exchequer’s money to make them employable labors at industries to be setup?
- More thank 2.5 Lakh farmers committed suicide in Bharat since 1995. [Read stats]
- Maharashtra is leading the chart by accounting for more than 30% suicide cases.
- Through policy of freebies, NREGA, controlled market government has paralyzed the farming community.
- On one side our food production is not enough e.g. pulses, cereals while whatever being produced is of less nutritional values.
- PM lost his sleep when a person was arrested under the charges of terrorist activity in Australia. But he does not talk about 70-75Crore farming population’s agony. Without fail he says there is 70% excess human resources in farming, on what basis he made this statement? Is he following the designs of making this nature loving, agrarian economy into an urbanized industrial economy which will be dependent on foreign countries for food at the end of the day?
- I do not oppose promoting modernization or industries but making policies to exploit one section to serve other isn’t a leader is expected to do.
- P. Chidambaram propose to convert land owners into industrial labours by acquiring land, setting up businesses and then employing the land owners as labours. For that he propose to setup 1000 training schools. This all on the suggestions of world bank. Did he bother to go and ask the farmers for that matter? No he did not.
- Sole question is why not to promote agriculture to the fullest through farmer friendly policies. If at all you want to setup industry have the land owners as partners, share earning with farmer.
- E.G. At my in-laws village there is one farmer family who earn Rs. 1Cr per year from pomegranate orchard of 9 acres. Can Mr. MMS and Mr. PC make sure that he will continue to earn this much after industry setup? Not just that my in-laws earn Rs.10-13 Lakh per year in Sugar cane crop from 6 acres while having the luxury to eat fresh vegetables and freedom from pressure. Will he be able to maintain this lifestyle?
- Kautilya has clearly asked to develop rural area through agricultural economic activities. Gandhiji too asked for “Gram Swaraj”. And this Harvard/Cambridge tribe of politicians want rampant urbanization that too on behest of world bank/IMF. A question arises then for whom are the policies? are they for us or the IMF/World bank?
- Kautilya has emphasized on Aanvikshiki (Philosophy) at the start of the book. Because he want the King/Leader/Minister to be a person with logical reasoning.
- Kautilya repetitively speaks about sustainable development. If food is imported then how can it be sustainable?
- Kautilya talks of Association with elders and continuous learning. Our politicians seem to be forgetting the importance of the thoughts proposed by our elders and wise at various times.
- Society has to become duty centric by shunning right seeking attitude, since exploitation is not a way of human life, exploitation is barbarism.
Tags: Agriculture, Chanakya Institute of Public Leadership, corporate farming, Farmers face Atrocities, farmers suicide, Politics in Agriculture, चाणक्य, भारत, राजकारण
Posted in भारत, राजकारण, शेती | 2 Comments »
Posted by Sandeep Shelke on 17th November 2011
My teacher Shri Ranjeet Shetty shared this link with me and I found it interesting and inspiring enough to share with all of you. Please read this excellent effort by an individual.
Name is Manav Das .He was associated with Ekal School 2000. He was made the Gram Pramukh of Ekal Vidyalayla . During his duty as gram Pramukh he was so Involved with the Ekal vidyalaya that he became full time member of this organization .
Manav das was made ‘Eup sanch’ from 2001 to 2005 Balur ghat district of North Bengal. Manav Das was so engrossed with his work in Ekal vidyalaya that he was made the Vikas Pramukh (head of 270 vidyalayla) 2005 Balurghat .
He is from the modest and simple back ground. Manav Das is very talented and kept on making his way towards progress.
The thing that he is poor was always in his mind. But he could not tell any body about his poverty. What ever way he got to progress he went on with Ekal Abhiyan. He was sent from Ekal abhiyan to district of Bengal(in Chatisgar chapa training center).
Then he got training for rural development. After training he learnt about Vermicompost, Amrit jal & Pesticides.
Now Manav Das Become the trained member of Eakl. Now he was able to make Vermicompost Pesticides & amrita jal at home whatever he manufactured from Vermicompost he used it in his field and also taught villagers how to use it. And sold it at the profit of Rs 5 Per kg. Through this practice his production increased and so his income also increased, now he become financially stable; when he saw the fruits of his labor his self confidence increased and he started feeling proud of himself. Not only this now the nearby villagers also started taking inspiration from him. By now, Manav Das had become the centre of attraction among the neighboring villagers, many people started taking training from him .
Slowly many full time member of Ekal abhiyan Balur ghat started manufacturing Vermicompost by this 270 Ekal vidyalaya started using Vermicompost manufacture by them self. By using the manure the field became more fertile the village became more happy content. Through low cost they could yield bumper crop. Now he got the credit of becoming the Vikas Pramukh of Balurghat zone.
Now the doors of the development opened for him and thus he become the head of North Bengal. Now he was heading 846 Ekal vidyalaya and 713 villagers were manufacturing Vermicompost under him. Being from a farmer back ground he was able to study till class X, but he did not become a head Clark; in fact, he stood on his feet and started Ekal Abhiyan from his home, thus he became an example for men. Every year he manufactures 50 quintal fertilizer 500 liters pesticides which he sells for 50/-per litter. Now he feels proud to be a part of rural development.
Source: Success Story.
Tags: Ekal Vidyalaya, Manav Das, Rural development
Posted in उद्यम व्यवसायिकता, भारत, शेती | No Comments »