Posted by Sandeep Shelke on September 19th, 2011
Almost everyone is aware of the suicide wave among Vidarbha cotton growing farmers since 1995. Read this, get more information about farmer’s suicide in Bharat.
Now that UPA government has banned onion export since last 10 days onion farmers are forced on the brink of bankruptcy. They are facing the toughest of their times again. This year rain was good and they are celebrating it with pinch of salt and hope that all will be well. And the hell happened to the onion growers.
I’ve fact file with me, yes my, parent’s, own case to share with you. Do read and share this story to understand pain of Bharatiy small and marginal farmers.
My parents sowed onion seeds in December 2010. Then they cultivated onion saplings in January 2011 in total area of 3 acres. Seeds, sowing, fertilizers, pesticides, watering and labor charges accounted for more than Rs.30000 per acre that is total Rs. 90000. After removing the onion from the fields in last week of April 2011 and 1 week of May 2011 they spent Rs. 32000 on grading, storage, transport, labor for all yield. 3 acres yielded onion produce of nearly 25 tons. If we calculate total expenses from sowing till storage of 3 acres of onion it accounts to Rs. 122000 (excluding my father-mother’s labor, land rent).
In farm production cost of onions to farmer Rs. 4.88 per Kg.
When you want to take it to the market you’ll have procure gunny bags at Rs. 25 per bag of 55-60Kg. i.e. 45-50paise per Kg. Then you would take those bags to market that depends of the market distance from your place, they pay Rs.10-15 per bag for filling and Rs. 20-25 for carrying to market, i.e. 60-70 paise per Kg. Now when you take the produce to agriculture markets they levy ‘n’ number charges like Commission (6% flat), Cleaning charge(1%), showing charge(1%), weighing charge(1%), labor charge(20 paise per Kg). This adds another Rs. 1-1.5 to the total cost.
Now, in market cost to farmer 4.88+0.45+0.60+1=Rs. 6.93 per Kg
At that time the prices in the market were around Rs. 5-7 per Kg. Let me add one more catch here, traders/agents never pay uniform price to total produce. They make 3 gradings of it and will pay say Rs.7 to 60%, Rs. 5 to 30% and Rs. 4 to 10%. If farmers sell at this price he will lose from his pocket let alone getting anything for his labor and land.
So to make some money he takes risk of storing the onion produce on the face of Monsoon. Which most probably turns suicidal for small and marginal farmers.
This year too my parents did same, only to discover that UPA govt banned export to make onion prices fell from Rs.10-15 per Kg to Rs. 3-5 per Kg.
This led to rotting almost 40% produce in the whole process, my mother and father both cried like child then. It was very depressing for me to console them. I hate Congressi (all UPA allies) thugs at helm. And I’ve decided rightfully to replace them.
I’ve taken pictures and videos of rotten onion. Look for yourself.
P.S. I’ve given up my full-time job, business 3 months before to get into politics and I think I’m damn right in taking that decision. Even my parents, whom I’m the only support, has lend their support whole heartedly. More praises for them.
Related Article: Why farmers commit suicide.