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Goa Inquisition – Resistance by Hindus Part-III

Posted by Sandeep Shelke on August 14th, 2011

Continuing from Goa Inquisition – Onset of Bloodiest Conversions by Christians Part I and Bloodiest Conversions by Christians Part II

Portuguese Catholic Christians in Goa were blinded by their love for Christianity and were committing heinous crimes one after another soon after conquering Goa in 1510. As mentioned in first 2 parts of this series Christians tortured Hindus, burnt their houses, killed near ones, raped women, destroyed temples, broke idols.

Upon installing the Inquisition in Goa in 1560 the Jesuits under Viceroy Dom Constantino started their conversion work bravely in Sashti(Salcete) in order to create small Christendom. But villagers of Sasthi region did not pay heed and attacked the Jesuits and their assistants throughout the region.[Ref] They attacked their horses too. Christians called this as indecent reception of fathers and decided to avenge. So under the encouragement of Viceroy Don Antano De Noronha, in 1567, they started destroying temples in Sashti and elesewhere too. This led to destruction of 300 temples. Which included the most socia-economic-spiritual place of Cancolim too. But devout Hindus rebuilt the burnt temple(the temple was burnt in the fire dedicate in the ‘name of Jesus’ – as per Gomes Vaz) upon returning back.

In this period Sultan of Bijapur upon invitation from the local populace led siege on Goa for 10 months in 1570. But he could not succeed in capturing Goa since the supplies couldn’t be stopped. Finally Sultan gave up the battle since could not hold on to the siege for any longer.

There was first violent revolt against atrocities of Christians in Goa. In 1583, in the Cuncolim village 20 Christian priests got the dues:[Ref]

In 1583 five priests got orders to intensify conversions in Sasthi (Salcete) region. So these priests decided to start with Cuncolim. Since Cuncolim had been resisting all possible attempts of conversion for long time. Natives were so deep-rooted that they constructed the destroyed temple even after orders not to do so from Portuguese authority. This was good enough reason for these Catholic minds to start their work in Cuncolim.

On 15 July 1983 these 5 Jesuits (members of Society of Jesus) gathered and progressed towards Concolim. They had decided to erect a cross and select a ground for building Church. Villagers upon getting this information reached the spot where the 5 Jesuits and 15 other converts were. Here the villagers, must have, warned Jesuit about consequences, but one of priests attempted to confront crowd with Gun and that led to killing all the Jesuits and converts there. 20 of them were killed there.

This incident did not go well, as expected, with Captain-major of Portuguese Army stationed at Assolna fort. He decided to avenge the death of all Jesuits. He ordered army to raid and destroy orchards of village. He unleashed series of atrocities on the Hindu villagers by torturing them in all means possible.

The Captain invited the 16 Goankar (owners, caretakers of the village) leaders for the discussion at he Assolna fort on the river Sal. Here the Portuguese killed the leaders treacherously even after promising safe measures before invitation. One of the leaders escaped through toilet into Karwar of Karnataka.

Upon receiving the news of treacherous killing of leaders by Catholics the villagers of Cuncolim, Velim, Assolna, Ambelim and Veroda refused to pay taxes. As a result their lands were confiscated and entrusted to Condado. Conversions started in full swing with more brutal force now. Some villagers shifted to other parts along with their places of worship too.

Memorial in the name of the leaders of Cuncolim.

In 1603 and 1640  Dutch had given tough naval fights which cost Portuguese the spice trade route. Dutch took over the spice trade and as an alternative Portuguese found Brazil as new spice trade base. Which eased the influx of Jesuits in Goa substantially reducing their religious fanaticism in Goa since they got one more place to proselytize.

King Shivaji: In 1660-61 he attacked Portuguese for primary reasons of

  • There was need to have control over coastal area for defending the attacks from sea and controlling the trade.
  • To relieve the oppressed Hindus under Portuguese territory.

It was known to King Shivaji that under Goa Inquisition Christians are torturing Hindus brutally to accept Christianity. And King Shivaji could not stand by the brutality against his own people in their own land. So he decided to retaliate.

Catholic christians were against any sort of agreement with Hindu King since it was considered apostasy in Inquisition. So failed to reach agreement Chatrapati Shivaji launched attack on Dicholi(Bicholin). Where in Vathadeo they had possession for some time which led to agreement between Marathas and Portuguese. And here Portuguese agreed to treat Hindus at par with Christians without any bias. Portuguese or Marathas never declared it as state of war. Some Goans were unhappy that they couldn’t be part of Maratha empire whereas some were satisfied that at least they wouldn’t be treated unfairly after peace. But Portuguese kept on facing uprising every now and then against inquisitors.

In 1684 Ch Sambhaji won Chapora Fort from Portuguese

Chatrapati Sambhaji:

After Chatrapati Shivaji his son Chatrapti Sambhaji too attacked Portuguese at various times from 1681 to 1683 in order to keep them under control. Mughals supported Portuguese when Chatrapati Sambhaji had almost claimed all Goan territory in 1683. In December 1683 Ch Sambhaji conquered the Chapora Fort by defeating the Portuguese without firing a single bullet and made this place base camp for Maratha forces and it became the northern outpost of the Old conquests. The win was so close that the ruler Count De Alwor and his ministers were praying for their safety to St. Xavier by taking out his body from church. And then surprisingly Aurangzeb sent 100000 troops to attack on Maratha Kingdom which made Marathas leave Goa by signing treaty with Portuguese. Which Portuguese never maintained. Thereafter too Chatrapati Sambhaji kept on attacking Portuguese with Goan’s support. In 1717 won back the Chapora Fort from Maratha forces and renovated it. Portuguese lost the fort again to Marathas in 1739 after 2 years bitter fight by Portuguese.

In 1741 Marathas almost took over the Goa city but an unexpected re-enforcement from Viceroy Marquis of Lourical and defeated Marathas in this battle. But it made them lose some territory. But by this time Portuguese were facing constant attacks and that left them with the choice of reducing the conversion efforts in order maintain civil unrest. Because all these attacks were possible because locals never supported these barbaric Inquisitors.

After Losing the war of Panipat Maratha Peshwas lost control over Goa. Later Portuguese added many more cities to its ambit but by that time Portuguese had expunged Jesuits in 1749 since they felt Jesuits are puppets of Pope of Rome. This eased the religious tension in Goa since Jesuits were the Inquisitors in Goa; Jesuits (Catholic Christians) were behind all brutalities.

In 1797 British army occupied Goa and started acting against Inquisitors sternly. Finally in 1812 inquisition was abolished in Goa and soon after that in 1813 British withdrew their army from Goa.

Jai Bharat!

Related Articles: Goa Inquisition – Onset of Bloodiest Conversions by Christians Part I and Bloodiest Conversions by Christians Part II and Christian Seculars and Fact about name “India”

11 Responses to “Goa Inquisition – Resistance by Hindus Part-III”

  1. Heronimus GS Mascarenhas Says:

    ##Moderated to make readable##

    The truth is roman catholics are not Christian. They have many deities like jesus, mary, peter, john paul, anthony francis xavier, mother theresa etc. They worship all idols found in any RC(Roman Catholic) church throughout the world. The secular founder forefathers of this vast religious empire modeled this most irreligious religion on Babylonian religion. It is the biggest cult ever. Christian have only one God,that is Jesus. Christianity is not a cult movement, but RCC(Roman Catholic Church) is. Worship substances like flowers, candles, myrrh, coconuts banana, idols, water, salt, pepper, candles, oil lamps, perfume sticks, camphor, incensing, kuthuvilakku, grains fruits, bread, ritual vessels, spoon, drying cloth, prasadam, relics, ornamental church interiors and altars and sacrificial rites pictures, paintings statues, priests and ritual clothes.
    These obviously belong to cult worship, and you will find it all in RC worship. True Christian worship has, according to jesus:jesus, the bible words, singing, prayers, explanations of bible readings, home prayers, fasting, salvation experience, receiving of the holy spirit, human charity etc. as mentioned in the bible.
    The reigning deity and the monitor is pope and not Christ. The pope is visible jesus even to a woman like mother Theresa. The priests are also representatives of Christ though they may be thieves of church money, molesters of innocent women, girls, poor widows, young nuns, teachers in the RCC schools, drunkards, homosexuals, porno viewers etc. The church covers up its evils by running philanthropic houses like schools, charity centers, orphanages,old-age homes, hospitals youth centers etc, the people are openly duped. The worst part of the RCC is confession. e.g. a masturbatory confesses his sin of masturbation to the RCC priest masturbatory who masturbated a little while ago! while his own sins are not yet forgiven by another priest he can forgive the sin of a sinner himself! Have you ever heard of this Himalayan fooling? There are many and many more atrocities like this in the name of God in the RC Church (RCC).
    This irreligious wickedness led the portugese, dutch, french and spanish popish roman catholic fanatic marauders murderous clergy and catholic believers to commit all manner of tortures and cruelties upon people of other faiths. But today most of the roman catholic people are brainwashed innocent victims of a master plot. They are like slaves under the ecclesiastical clergy bourgeois. People are dumb sheep without unity to protest against the poppish fraudsters. The RC church has no moral and ethical rights to exist on the face of the earth. The governments should closely watch the RC priests and nuns and their clandestine activities and punish them for their frauds. This by a former roman catholic(from families of 466 yrs of goan portugese coverts in the southernmost district of India).

  2. संदीप नारायण शेळके Says:

    May be what you say is true. But why does Vatican is power center for all Christians worldwide then? Why the so called other Christians do not stand against these Vatican based Pope.

    What I understand that “Its takes inaction of good to triumph evil”

    Jai Bharat!

  3. Heronimus GS Mascarenhas Says:

    it is not possible to unite all non romancatholics to go on war against the pope. it may bring in another world war. war on ideology alone is possible. and that is the right way. this sort of ideological war is always there. in the secular sense papiasm is too powerful to be conquered. poeple are too dull to unerstand the truth and ways of love of christ.the pope will be destroyed when christ returns to the earth to judge the living and the dead.never become a roman catholic for christ’s sake! it is a superstitious way of going to god.

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  5. Ramjam Says:

    Let the christians practice thie religion with in their sect. Hereqfter they will face stiff resistance if they attempt to convert.Speaking of Christianity’s claims to an exclusive and universal salvation, Sri Aurobindo in his book, India’s Rebirth (ISBN 2-902776-32-2) page 141, says:
    “The aggressive and quite illogical idea of a single religion for all mankind, a religion universal by the very force of its narrowness, one set of dogmas, one cult, one system of ceremonies, one ecclesiastical ordinance, one array of prohibitions and injunctions which all minds must accept on peril of persecution by men and spiritual rejection or eternal punishment by God, that grotesque creation of human unreason which has been the parent of so much intolerance, cruelty and obscurantism and aggressive fanaticism, has never been able to take firm hold of the Indian mentality.”
    (source: India’s Rebirth – By Sri Aurobindo (ISBN 2-902776-32-2) p 141).Hinduism has always been an environmentally sensitive philosophy. No religion, perhaps, lays as much emphasis on environmental ethics as Hinduism. The Mahabharata, Ramayana, Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Puranas and Smriti contain the earliest messages for preservation of environment and ecological balance. Nature, or Earth, has never been considered a hostile element to be conquered or dominated. In fact, man is forbidden from exploiting nature. He is taught to live in harmony with nature and recognize that divinity prevails in all elements, including plants and animals. The rishis of the past have always had a great respect for nature. Theirs was not a superstitious primitive theology. They perceived that all material manifestations are a shadow of the spiritual. The Bhagavad Gita advises us not to try to change the environment, improve it, or wrestle with it. If it seems hostile at times tolerate it. Ecology is an inherent part of a spiritual world view in Hinduism.
    According to Swami B. V. Tripurari, in his book, Ancient Wisdom for Modern Ignorance, ” Our present environmental crisis is in essence a spiritual crisis. We need only to look back to medieval Europe and the psychic revolution that vaulted Christianity to victory over paganism to find the spirit of the environmental crisis. Inhibitions to the exploitation of nature vanished as the Church took the “spirits” out of the trees, mountains, and seas. Christianity’s ghost-busting theology made it possible for man to exploit nature in a mood of indifference to the feelings of natural objects. It made nature man’s monopoly. This materialist paradigm has dominated the modern world for last few centuries.
    The current deplorable environmental crisis demands a spiritual response. A fundamental reorientation of human consciousness, accompanied by action that is born out of inner commitment, is very much needed. One of the measures that could help a great deal to fulfill this need is to regenerate and rejuvenate basic values of Hindu culture and propagate them.”
    Dharma: ecological balance
    Mountains – The Abode of the Gods
    Mother Earth/Sun & Planets
    Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) was among India’s most fervent nationalists, fighting for Indian independence from British rule. He observed:
    “I bow my head in reverence to our ancestors for their sense of the beautiful in nature and for their foresight in investing beautiful manifestations of Nature with a religious significance.”
    (source: Glimpses of Indian Culture – By Dr. Giriraj Shah p. 106). For more refer to chapter on Hindu Scriptures.
    Hinduism has often been coined as a “environmental friendly” religion. Hindus regard everything around them as pervaded by a subtle divine presence, may it be rivers, mountains, lakes, animals, flora, the mineral world, as well as the stars and planets. It is so because the Divine reality is present as Prana/Shakti energy, power, in every electron, particle, atom, cell and in every manifestation of matter. It is its very fabric. Just like the sparks of a fire are of the same essence as the fire they were issued forth from, so is the entire creation, of the same essence as the Divine. Just as Hindus greet each other saying “Namaste”, which means: I recognize and salute the Divine within you, so do they recognize the same Divine essence, in all around them.
    (image source: Mount Rainier: webmaster’s own collection of photos taken during a recent visit).
    Ayurveda, the science of life, which is a complete health and medicine system based on nature and its regenerating forces. Then we have Vastu Shastra, upon which the now well-known Feng Shui is based. Vastu, teaches us how to place and build dwellings, according to the environment it is situated in. It is done in such a way that the surroundings are not damaged by the building’s presence, and so that all the natural energies are flowing uninterrupted and freely, providing comfort, peace and prosperity for the dwellers.

    Another facet of Hinduism’s environmental concern is to do with food is a very physical example: vegetarianism. Typically, Hindu social thought has always included an ecological dimension. Socialism and liberalism do not have this dimension, they can at best annex it. But it is an organic part of Hindu dharma.
    (source: Hinduism and Environment – hinduchatzone.com).
    Throughout the long history of India, Hindus have shared a fascination with, and respect for, Nature and animals.
    This attitude went beyond the usefulness. It had to do with reverence for all of God’s creation. Our ancestors worshipped trees, rivers, birds and stones and connected to the universal principle through Shiva. As we are growing more materialistic, we are losing this connection. Our ancestors saw Nature as being a manifestation of God. There was, therefore, a gratitude towards nature.

  6. Logo Design Galaxy Says:

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  7. RM Says:

    To all who made these comments: Inquisition was a way of forcing colonisation on Goans and I want doubt that. It was a misuse of religion by rulers for their gain. But that doesn’t mean you accuse and ridicule the converts as it was still their call to accept it. Even today, if anyone converts to any religion remember that it is his choice much like an unquestionable vote.

    It was unfortunate that Swaraj was deprived from us Goans first by Badami rulers and later by colonisers. I feel deeply grieved for the execution of 16 cheiftains. But the act of slaying ” CatholicPriests and unarmed Indian Christians” (including a child) on that fateful day was equally unacceptable.

    Catholics of Goa are no blind fools or fanatics. They know the difference between religion and evil acts. The butchery of those at Cuncolim is ONE of the bloodiest chapters of Goan history which fanatics call a revolt. A revolt is fought against a government or kingdom or ruler and not against unarmed individuals. Instead its a massacre. I can tell you all this because I am a Goan and I know the truth. To correct you ” the dozen other individuals with priests were unarmed and thats it. (The main reason why Catholics pay homage to them as martyrs)

    To remind you of more, the Pope is looked upon as a representative of Jesus Christ and the unifier of the church, much like the Hindu seers, The Buddhist Dalai lama and the Muslim Khalif. He is not our king, but our chief mentor. In whom lies the onerous responsibility of protecting the faithful all over the world. To top it off, I do admit Missionaries at times were misguided or made blunders, but their magnanimous deeds of serving the world over irrespective of religion and nation is the other side of the coin you should not forget to observe before arriving to any statement or conclusions.

    If you loved your religion with a true heart you would respect others too. If you were a true Indian you would treat other Indians with dignity.

    Jai Hind.

  8. RM Says:

    To correct your misrepresented/ fabricated history of Goa:
    British never attacked Goa. They were allies with Portugal since the Spanish–Portuguese War. Infact, Mumbai was a dowry gift to British from the Portuguese.
    Sambhaji attacked Portuguese primarily for their sympathy and trade with the Mughals. They feared that the two were working against their existence. one of the primary reasons to attack North Goa and capture of Alorna Fort in Bicholim. Religious issue was only an addon to the fire.
    He only captured less than one third of the Portuguese colony then. Until the Mughals attacked for loss of trade.
    Shivaji had invited 100 Portuguese experts from Goa for the construction of the fort Sindhudurg, they also helped him built the first indigeneous navy along the west coast.
    European Missionaries much like the world of Christendom then illusion that anything other than the three Abrahamic religions were nothing but pagan practice. They knew nothing about Hinduism is simple words. Hence they ended up forcing conversions. Jesuits were never under the control of the Vatican and sided more with the nobles and colonialist in contradiction to the church’s stand at times. Still today the most powerful congregation in the world, this time without any coercive acts though.

    As far as Cuncolim is concerned. Eventhough the village today is majorly of Catholic populace don’t forget that they still today are the same descendants of Kshatriyas of then. They are fierce lovers of the religion they practice (then Hinduism now Christianity) and fierce defenders of their motherland. Armed with Christian ideals, they participated in freedom struggles against the same Portuguese who converted them.

    Read this: http://www.mangalorean.com/news.php?newstype=broadcast&broadcastid=50760

    The villagers, despite having to convert to Christianity, have confirmed their age-old Hindu customs and maintained their caste beliefs. They also had a 12-vangodd system running the church’s affairs.
    Read more: http://m.digitaljournal.com/article/262814?doredir=0&noredir=1#ixzz20xBbAzne

    Also note, South Goa which is mostly catholic never toed in line with Colonists and even support the Indian Army during the liberation.
    By this I’m trying to say stop accusing Indian Christians of favouring colonial rule or foreign culture. They too played a vital role in the freedom movements, independence of India and Liberation of Goa and are as patriotic as any Indian should be.

    Jai Hind… Viva Goa!

  9. संदीप नारायण शेळके Says:

    Dear RM,

    To clarify here I’m not against Christians whom you are representing, but against those who did misdeeds. And its the history which I’m presenting which is gathered from various sources.
    I’ll respond in detail to you, in middle of work now.

    here is a primer on Goa

    Jay Bharat!

  10. संदीप नारायण शेळके Says:


    But that doesn’t mean you accuse and ridicule the converts as it was still their call to accept it.

    Show me one incidence where I accused or ridiculed the converts. I’m certainly talking about the converters who forced Christianity through dastardly inhumane means which is know as ‘Goan Inquisition’.

    … the Pope is looked upon as a representative of Jesus Christ and the unifier of the church, much like the Hindu seers, …

    The Pope being considered as representative for Jesus has the duty to apologise for the atrocities of his followers especially inquisition. Dont you think so? For you information there is no single representative for Hindus. Seers are mere devoted believes of god and not our representatives. We believe everyone(not just Hindus) is representative of god and responsible for his/her Karma.

    I do admit Missionaries at times were misguided or made blunders, but their magnanimous deeds of serving the world over irrespective of religion and nation is the other side of the coin you should not forget to observe

    Whatever good deeds you perform, but that doesn’t grant you authority to force others and accept your belief. Thats the irony which missionaries are failing to understand. But real culprits are the organizational goals which force them to work harder to achieve their targets and earn incentives.

    …If you loved your religion with a true heart you would respect others too. If you were a true Indian you would treat other Indians with dignity…

    This is very sweet way of finishing debate. But lets focus on the facts. Is it wrong to raise voice against atrocities? Is it not my right to present the facts? Why someone be hurt if I’m questioning perpetrators of Goan Inquisition?

    To correct your misrepresented/ fabricated history of Goa:

    Please enlighten me with facts and proofs, before of accusing me of misrepresenting or fabricating history. For your information, I’ve compiled these article after spending almost 6 months studied from various sources. If anything doesn’t suit you that doesn’t mean is made to harass you.

    British never attacked Goa.

    Any proof to back your claim?

    European Missionaries much like the world of Christendom then illusion that anything other than the three Abrahamic religions were nothing but pagan practice. They knew nothing about Hinduism is simple words. Hence they ended up forcing conversions.

    So you accept that the missionaries did force their religion.

    Jay Bharat!

  11. ximamumevomy.sosblogs.com Says:

    32 Things Religion And The Bible Teach Us About Life These all pertain to
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    Actually, in today’s society, too many are missing from the home. You can create a sense of inner calm that helps you to focus on the solution rather than brooding and panicking on the problem.

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